Принципът на работа на дроселната клапа


Theдроселова клапа is a valve that uses a disc-type opening and closing member to reciprocate about 90° to open, close or adjust the flow of the medium. Theдроселова клапа is not only simple in structure, small in size, light in weight, low in material consumption, small in installation size, small in driving torque, simple and rapid in operation, but also has good flow regulation and closing and sealing characteristics at the same time. It has been developed in the past ten years. One of the fastest valve varieties. Theuse of дроселова клапаs is very extensive. Thevariety and number of its use continues to expand, and it is developing towards high temperature, high pressure, large diameter, high sealing performance, long life, excellent adjustment characteristics, and one valve with multiple functions. Its reliability and other performance indicators have reached a high level.
With the application of chemically resistant synthetic rubber to дроселова клапаs, the performance of дроселова клапаs can be improved. Because synthetic rubber has the characteristics of corrosion resistance, erosion resistance, dimensional stability, good resilience, easy forming, low cost, etc., synthetic rubber with different properties can be selected according to different usage requirements to meet the operating conditions of the дроселова клапа.
Butterfly valves are suitable for flow regulation. Because the pressure loss of the дроселова клапа in the pipe is relatively large, about three times that of the gate valve, when selecting the дроселова клапа, the influence of the pressure loss of the pipeline system should be fully considered, and the strength of the butterfly plate withstand the pressure of the pipeline medium when it is closed should also be considered. . In addition, it is necessary to consider the limitation of the working temperature that the elastic valve seat material can withstand at high temperatures.
Thestructure length and overall height of the дроселова клапа are small, the opening and closing speed is fast, and it has good fluid control characteristics. Thestructure principle of дроселова клапа is most suitable for making large-diameter valves. When a дроселова клапа is required to control flow, the most important thing is to correctly select the specification and type of the дроселова клапа so that it can work properly and effectively.
Generally, in throttling, regulating control and mud media, short structure length, fast opening and closing speed, and low pressure cut-off (small pressure difference) are required. Butterfly valves are recommended. For two-position adjustment, reduced diameter channels, low noise, cavitation and vaporization, a small amount of leakage into the atmosphere, and abrasive media, дроселова клапаs can be used. Throttle adjustment under special working conditions, or under strict sealing, severe wear, and low temperature (cryogenic) conditions.